Due to their central function in cellular metabolism, enzymes are also referred to as the “components of life”. They determine all the metabolic reactions in the body, from exercise to thinking and digestion to immune responses.

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Enzymes - Building blocks of life

The complex protein molecules are produced by all animal and human cells. They act as catalysts in the biochemical reactions of our body. They are indispensable for the metabolism and restoration of the physiological balance in the body.

Enzymes are complex protein molecules that are produced by all animal and human cells and act as catalysts in the biochemical reactions of our body. They are indispensable for the metabolism and for the restoration of the physiological balance in the body. Enzymes are involved in countless metabolic processes in the body, in particular by ensuring that substances split and can thus be processed better and faster. In short, enzymes stimulate the entire organism.

Digestive enzymes

Digestive enzymes have probably the most fundamental task, because they are responsible for breaking down the food components (for example proteins, carbohydrates, or fats) into their parts. Only in this way can the food components be absorbed into the blood via the mucous membranes and be utilized or stored in the metabolism.

Protein-splitting enzymes

  • Bromelain is obtained from the fruit or the stem of the pineapple plant.
  • Papain is a plant enzyme obtained from the papaya fruit. The greener the fruit, the more active the papain enzyme.
  • Trypsin is one of the most important digestive enzymes.
  • Chymotrypsin has a similar structure to trypsin and is also one of the most important digestive enzymes.
  • Ficin (also ficain) is also an enzyme from the group of cysteine proteases. Ficin is obtained from figs latex.

Protein degradation

Peptidases refer to a group of enzymes that can split proteins by hydrolization. They are also commonly called proteases or proteinases.

Fat digestion

Lipases are water-soluble enzymes that split fats and thus allow their absorption from the intestines into the metabolism.

Cellulose degradation

In the human digestive tract, the enzymes necessary to break down fiber are missing. However, these exist in nature. For example, cellulases that break down cellulose, and others. These enzymes help the bacteria process the fiber by breaking down the complex and long carbohydrate chains into small components. Then further processing by the intestinal flora is easier.

Lactose digestion

Milk and dairy products are enjoyed by many people, but unfortunately, they are not well tolerated by everyone. A special enzyme, so-called lactase, is required to break down the lactose. Lactase is formed in the small intestine and splits the lactose from the food into its parts so that it can be absorbed by the body.

Tips for the effective use of enzymes

Digestive enzymes break down protein, fat, and carbohydrates in the digestive system. Protein-splitting enzymes are involved in the regulation of messenger substances in the bloodstream. Proteolytic enzymes occur in all cells and tissues and play an important role in many processes.

1.  Take on as empty a stomach as possible

30–60 minutes before or at the earliest 2 hours after a meal: The enzymes are consumed in the digestion of food.

2.  Ensure safe gastric passage

For the enzymes to pass through the stomach undamaged, Biogena uses delayed-release capsules (DRcaps®) instead of chemical additives. These are pure cellulose shells that take longer to dissolve. Thus, DRcaps® only release their valuable enzyme content in the safe small intestine, without any additional chemistry.

3.   Note enzyme activity

Almost every enzyme has its measuring method. Good preparations show the activity of each enzyme separately. FIP units: Bromelain, protease, amylase, and lipase; USP units: trypsin, chymotrypsin, and papain; FCC units:lactase; SKB units: Amylase; GAL U: Alpha-galactosidase; CU: Cellulase; XU: Hemicellulase

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